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Explore the equipment and use of security equipment
Visit:238次   Date:2020-03-17
As a relatively high-risk profession, security should be equipped with corresponding equipment according to the actual needs of each post. This can not only improve the security service capabilities, but also effectively protect the security of the security guards themselves. People often see news about security guards fighting against crimes, and some security guards are injured or even sacrificed as a result. In some cases, security guards are facing gangsters with sharp blades or other weapons. If they are equipped with corresponding security equipment, some casualties can be completely avoided. So in reality, what is the situation of security guard equipment? What should be paid attention to in the provision and use? What are the difficulties in equipping equipment? With these questions in mind, the reporter interviewed some security practitioners and security supervision departments. Judging from the interviews, all security practitioners follow the principle of "on demand" in terms of equipment and equipment for the purpose of ensuring safety; and in order for the equipment to exert its "positive energy", management and training must be strengthened; current security equipment The problems encountered in the deployment and use can be summarized into two points: cost issues and corresponding standards and regulations have not yet been issued. It can be seen that the provision and use of security equipment is a systematic project that requires comprehensive consideration.

Follow the principle of equipping equipment on demand
Article 28 of the "Regulations on the Administration of Security Services" stipulates: "Security entities should equip security guards with the required equipment according to the needs of security service positions." This provision clarifies the basic principle of security staffing and equipment, that is, job requirements the rules. Judging from the interviews conducted by this reporter, various security practitioners have basically followed this principle in terms of security equipment.

"The security personnel of the civil air defense are equipped with‘ standard equipment ’, but the equipment will be different depending on the specific position.” Director Xie, director of civil air defense work at a Shanghai security service company, said in an interview. The "standard configuration" in his mouth refers to the bright flashlights, rubber sticks, ponchos, rain boots and armed belts provided for general guard positions. "Unification of security equipment is not realistic, because different customer units served have different requirements and different job responsibilities. We will provide targeted equipment according to the needs of each job when we equip equipment."
v Taking the power security of his company as an example, the duty site is located near the power stations and high-voltage power lines in remote suburbs. The law and order situation is more complicated, and most of them work at night shifts. Based on these characteristics, the company also equips security guards with insulated work shoes and gloves, as well as stab-resistant clothing, cut-resistant gloves, pepper water and other equipment on the basis of "standard configuration". "The danger level of the job requires these equipment, but in ordinary jobs, such as insulated shoes and gloves, there is no need to equip it. This is the 'on-demand' principle."

Yu Chuang, the head of the Customer Service Department of Shenzhen Security Service Corporation, introduced that Shenzhen Security Company is highly targeted in its equipment. Conventional security service units, doorman security services, etc. are equipped with only conventional security equipment, including flashlights, rubber sticks and raincoats. Rain gear. In the civil air defense team, the more fully equipped is the campus security. The reporter visited Huai'an Foreign Language Experimental Primary School Kindergarten and Huai'an Primary School. The security guards here were equipped with steel helmets, stab-resistant clothing, cut-proof gloves, rubber sticks, tear gas, and riot steel forks.

It is understood that in 2010, campus cases occurred successively throughout the country. The government and public security organs strengthened the emphasis on campus safety, and school kindergartens all strengthened their security forces. Against this background, the Huai'an Security School Guard was established and uniformly equipped with equipment. Campus security in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Anhui, Shandong and other places are also equipped with the same equipment. Guan Fujian, a trainer in charge of campus security at Huai'an Security Company, told reporters: "Since that year, all places have attached great importance to campus security work, and have been equipped with corresponding equipment based on several typical cases and actual campus conditions." For customers with large area, many security practitioners are equipped with communication tools such as walkie-talkies and electric vehicles in order to facilitate security patrols and other tasks.

"The area is large, and it is not realistic to patrol on foot." The security guard on duty in the large community in Luodian, Baoshan District, Shanghai, pointed at the worker in front of him. The Luodian community under construction covers an area of 57 square kilometers. In order to facilitate patrolling and improve the quality of service, the security guards of Qidong Huawu Security Service Co., Ltd. here are equipped with 8 double electric patrol cars and are equipped for each post. Walkie talkie. The reporter was informed that customers such as East China University of Science and Technology, Suzhou University, and China Shipping Shanghai Shipping Company served by Huawu Security Company are also large-area units, and they are equipped with electric patrol cars for security guards. In addition, they have equipped patrol bicycles for security guards stationed in a relatively small area.

"We just bought two four-wheel patrol electric vehicles equipped with the security team of Hefei Cigarette Factory." Liao Kaihong, chairman of Anhui Zhensheng Security Services Co., Ltd., told reporters. He explained that the customer unit of Hefei Cigarette Factory is large in area, covering 600 acres, and it is necessary to equip it with patrol cars. In order to better improve the service, Zhensheng Security Co., Ltd. is also equipped with patrolling sticks for the security guards serving larger customer units. Dou Kaihong said: "The patrol stick can scientifically check the security officer's patrol frequency and number of times, and set patrol points in key areas to ensure that there are no loopholes in the patrol."

Compared with the civil air defense business, the escort business is equipped with special equipment such as bullet-proof helmets, bullet-proof jackets, riot guns, etc. due to its special nature and job characteristics. At the same time, the transportation vehicles are professional banknote transport vehicles, which are generally equipped with GPS positioning systems. "Well-equipped." During interviews in some cities in East China, the escorts were equipped with the above equipment.

When talking about the reasons why the escort is equipped with equipment, a person in charge of the escort company who asked not to be named said that the subject of the escort is the money or securities, precious metals, etc., which has extremely high value. The responsibilities borne by criminals are very heavy. In addition, the current social security environment is very severe. It is necessary to equip the escort with these equipment.

Equipment for safety purposes
There is no doubt that security work is a relatively high-risk occupation. The core purpose of equipping security personnel with corresponding equipment is to enhance their ability to withstand this risk, and to better protect people under the premise of ensuring their own safety. And property safety.

"I think it is very necessary to equip these equipment. First of all, neatly dressed, holding a rubber stick or steel fork, this is a deterrent to criminals. He will naturally find it more difficult to commit crimes when he sees these equipment. In addition, With these equipments, we can better protect ourselves, especially those who have murder weapons. If we cannot protect ourselves, how can we protect others? "Said Wang Xu, a security guard on duty at Huaian Primary School.

Guan Fujian, a trainer in charge of campus security at Huai'an Security Service Corporation, introduced that steel helmets, stab-resistant clothing, cut-resistant gloves, tear gas, rubber sticks, and riot steel forks are all defensive equipment. The main purpose is to meet When emergencies occur, they can effectively protect their own safety and stop various criminal acts. He demonstrated to reporters that the riot steel fork can isolate the gangsters 2 meters away, making it difficult to access the security guards, and it is beneficial for other security guards to subdue the gangsters together.

Li Jun, deputy director of the Jinan Zhenbang Security Service Corporation's High-tech Branch Office, put forward the same point of view, said: "The social situation is now complicated and diverse. Because of the characteristics of occupations and tasks, many security positions bear the brunt. Security The personnel are always in the most vulnerable position. Therefore, equipping the security personnel is like putting a security insurance on the security personnel themselves. With the equipment, the team members' performance will show a state of psychological stability, and they can When it comes to emergency response, take the time to deal with it and reduce the chance of injury. "

During the interview, many persons in charge of the security industry units told reporters that since no clear standard for security equipment has yet been issued, they are more cautious when they are equipped with security equipment and are more obsessed with defensive equipment. . .

Cao Yu, Chairman of Qidong Huawu Security Service Co., Ltd. introduced that the company ’s most important equipment for security personnel is to improve service quality and ensure security. It is mainly equipped with security equipment such as riot shields. Even if equipped with certain offensive equipment such as rubber sticks, it is more of a deterrent, and it is used for defense in special situations. The ultimate purpose is to ensure the security of the target.

Some people may ask, most of the civil security guards are defensive equipment, but the escorts are equipped with killing weapons such as riot guns. Will they increase the danger? In the interview, the person in charge of a escort company explained that from the equipment of the escort, it can be seen that the banknote transporter, bulletproof helmet and bulletproof clothing are all defensive equipment, in order to resist external aggression, only riot guns are lethal. In terms of quantity, it is enough to defend. At the same time, the purpose of riot guns is also for defensive purposes. The nature of riot guns can be known from their names, and in most cases, the role of firearms is more deterrent.

Indeed, the use of firearms does not mean that they can be used at will, as stipulated in Article 5 of the "Regulations on the Management of the Use of Firearms by Full-time Guarded Escort Staff": Firearms shall not be used if the goods being transported are safe; if it is necessary to use firearms, the purpose shall be to protect the guarded target, to prevent the goods being transported from being infringed, and to avoid or reduce casualties and property damage as far as possible. The same is to maximize security.

Equipment management cannot be ignored
"The management of security equipment must keep up. This can not only ensure the integrity of the equipment itself, avoid excessive wear or loss, but more importantly ensure safety and prevent the occurrence of equipment abuse." For the management of security equipment, Shanghai Director Xie, director of civil air defense work for a security service company, said that since the company has equipped security personnel with equipment, it has formulated supporting management measures. According to Director Xie, in management, the company's main basis is "Security Equipment Management System" and "Security Equipment Handover System". The former specifies the types, distribution and use of security equipment, daily storage and maintenance, etc .; the latter specifies the collection and return of security equipment, the handover between shifts, and the responsibilities for use and maintenance.

Because there are many security work points and a wide range, security guards are scattered in various customer units, and security equipment is not uniformly equipped, which also brings certain difficulties to the management of security equipment. In this regard, Director Xie told reporters that the company has established a responsibility-to-person mechanism, which is directly managed by the grass-roots security managers, and assumes responsibility. At each post, there are equipment cabinets with equipment numbered. Each shift has detailed records when receiving or handing over security equipment. If there is a problem, it can be checked and the corresponding responsible person can be found in time. In addition, the company's inspection team will conduct irregular inspections on the use and maintenance of security equipment, and urge members to use and take care of security equipment.

However, during the investigation, the reporter also found that some security equipment is not strictly managed. For example, some companies have not worked out detailed systems and methods for the use of security equipment. The management of security equipment adopts an extensive approach, which is relatively arbitrary. The staff of a security service company revealed that there is no special person responsible for the company's security equipment warehouse, and the grass-roots squadrons only make a simple registration when receiving equipment, which is prone to repeated receipts. At the grass-roots level, there is no special equipment cabinet, and the equipment is randomly placed in the dormitory and other places. The personnel are not fixed, and there is no record of use. As a result, the equipment is not loved, and it is often lost or damaged. "The emergence of these situations is not only a problem of increasing the cost to the company, but also hidden certain security risks, especially there is no transfer record, once the problem occurs, no corresponding person can be found." He said without worry.

Compared with the management of civil air defense security equipment, the management of escort equipment is stricter and stricter, and there are strict system requirements in terms of equipment storage, receipt, use, recovery and maintenance to ensure the safe use of bullets and vehicles. A senior security escort chief said: "The escort involves gun problems, and any omissions in management are fatal. This is what people often say is that escorts are trivial."

Undoubtedly, the most important part of the escort equipment is the management of the ammunition. In this regard, all business units are based on the "People's Republic of China's Gun Management Law" and "Regulations on the Management of the Use of Firearms by Full-time Guards of Escort Staff." Various management systems.

The reporter learned from the Decheng Detention Brigade of Dezhou City, Shandong Province that they first strengthened the hardware facilities in the management of the bullets. They built two weapons rooms with an area of about 50 square meters, and installed double-layer security doors and iron fence windows to prevent theft. The door is equipped with two professional anti-theft locks, and the room is equipped with anti-theft alarm devices and monitoring systems. At the same time, there are six firearms and ammunition safes, two mechanical anti-theft locks that meet professional standards are installed, and the bullets are stored separately and double-locked. The second is to strengthen the system construction, formulating the "Arsenal Management System", "Configuration of Firearms and Ammunition", "Use of Firearms and Ammunition" and "Management of Firearms and Ammunition", etc. The team's use of guns and other rules while on duty was detailed and clear.

In terms of vehicle management, the Decheng escort brigade also starts from hardware and establishes an intelligent early-warning monitoring center to monitor all vehicles for 24 hours. It can retrieve vehicle information and vehicle trajectories at any time, and can implement 3G video voice with the driver. Intercom, at the same time, a complete system has been established, including the "Safe Driving Management System", "Driver Management System", "Regulations on the Use of Equipment and Facilities for Banknote Carriers", etc.

Training is a guarantee of playing a role of preparation
The issue of whether or not security personnel are equipped is not necessary, and they are not all voices of support. Some enterprises and institutions and security service companies have shown a relatively negative attitude. The reason they gave was that they were worried that the situation would be further aggravated by the use of equipment by security guards, and that even the use of equipment by security guards would constitute an illegal crime.

The cost of equipment
"It is not possible to have one set of equipment. In that case, the cost is too high. We are equipped according to shifts. For example, there are two sets of four shifts at the gate guard, and two sets of equipment are equipped. The next team member will pick up the equipment together." Manager Ma of the Civil Defence Department of a security service company frankly said that the current labor costs are rising, but the price of security service fees is not up, and more sophisticated

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Tel:0755-32997717
Contact:Mr.Hu
Mobile:13510650295、15323775377
E-mail:402489612@qq.com
Website:www.sz-zjjh.com
Add:Room 1006, ECO International, Zhongxi, Baoan District, Shenzhen

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